Overview[ edit ] Elleke Boehmer cf. Gerrit Olivier notes, "While it is not unusual to hear academics and politicians talk about a 'South African literature', the situation at round level is characterised by diversity and even fragmentation". Robert Mossman adds that "One of the enduring and saddest legacies of the apartheid system may be that no one — White, Black, Coloured meaning of mixed-race in South Africaor Asian — can ever speak as a "South African. These cultures have all retained autonomy to some extent, making a compilation such as the controversial Southern African Literatures by Michael Chapmandifficult.
Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Oral traditions and the written word Oral and written storytelling traditions have had a parallel development, and in many ways they have influenced each other.
Ancient Egyptian scribes, early Hausa and Swahili copyists and memorizers, and contemporary writers of popular novellas have been the obvious and crucial transitional figures in the movement from oral to literary traditions. What happened among the Hausa and Swahili was occurring elsewhere in Africa—among the Fulaniin northern Ghana among the Guangin Senegal among the Tukulor and Wolofand in Madagascar and Somalia.
The linkage between oral tradition and the written word is most obviously seen in pulp literature: But the linkage is also a crucial characteristic of more-serious and more-complex fiction.
To be sure, the Arabic, English, French, and Portuguese literary traditions along with Christianity and Islam and other effects of colonialism in Africa also had a dynamic impact on African literature, but African writers adapted those alien traditions and made them their own by placing them into these African classical frames.
History and myth As is the case with the oral tradition, written literature is a combination of the real and the fantastic. It combines, on the one hand, the real the contemporary world and history the realistic world of the past and, on the other, myth and hero, with metaphor being the agent of transformation.
This is the alchemy of the literary experience. Literature is atomized, fragmented history. Transformation is the crucial activity of the story, its dynamic movement.
The writer is examining the relationship of the reader with the world and with history.
In the process of this examination, the writer invents characters and events that correspond to history but are not history. At the centre of the story is myththe fantasy element, a character or event that moves beyond reality, though it is always rooted in the real.
In the oral tale this is clearly the fantasy character; so it is, in a complex, refracted way, in written literature. Myth, which is deeply, intensely emotional, has to do with the gods and creationwith the essence of a belief system; it is the imaged embodiment of a philosophical system, the giving of form to thought and emotion.
It is the driving force of a people, that emotional force that defines a people; it is the everlasting form of a culturehence its link to the gods, to the heavens, to the forever. In mythic imagery is the embodiment of significant emotions—the hopes, fears, dreams, and nightmares—of a people.
History—the story of a people, their institutions, and their community—is the way one likes to think things happened, in the real world. The hero is everyman, moving through a change, a transformation, and so moving into the myth, the essence, of his history.
He thereby becomes a part of it, representative of it, embodying the culture.African literature, literary works of the African continent.
African literature consists of a body of work in different languages and various genres, ranging from oral literature to literature written in colonial languages (French, Portuguese, and English).
Apr 28, · African literature refers to the literature of and for the African peoples. As George Joseph notes on the first page of his chapter on African literature in Understanding Contemporary Africa, while the European perception of literature generally refers to . It was an enormously important moment, and year, in the history of modern African literature." The conference is regarded as a major milestone in African literature, and is thought to have defined many African authors' style of writing.
Books shelved as african-literature: Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe, Half of a Yellow Sun by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Americanah by Chimamanda Ngozi. May 05, · from attheheels.com African literature From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search African literature refers to the literature of and for the African peoples.
African-American literature is the body of literature produced in the United States by writers of African descent. It begins with the works of such late 18th-century writers as Phillis attheheels.com the high point of slave narratives, African-American literature was dominated by .