Early botany[ edit ] An engraving of the cells of corkfrom Robert Hooke 's MicrographiaBotany originated as herbalismthe study and use of plants for their medicinal properties. Examples of early botanical works have been found in ancient texts from India dating back to before BC,   in archaic Avestan writings, and in works from China before it was unified in BC.
Aptosimum indivisum, Ornithogalum juncifolium, Relhania pungens, Aristea abyssinica, Helichrysum ecklonis, Leucospermum cuneiforme, Pelargonium pulverulentum. Names for which I have no derivations or about which I have further questions are being put on a separate page here and will be investigated further at a later date.
I have included names which are no longer current because the individuals which these names commemorate nevertheless contributed to Southern African flora and deserve to be recognized and remembered. Also included here are the generic names of invasive species.
Many of my entries have been added to and fleshed out by additional information from Hugh Clarke from the work which we hope at some point to have published, and I thank him greatly for the work he has done.
He is commemorated with Psoralea abbottii, Apodytes abbottii, Erica abbottii, Maytenus abbottii and Lydenburgia abbottii which is one of the rarest South African endemic tree species. He is commemorated with the species Homalium abdessammadii.
After he was refused permission to enter Peking, the Alceste cruised along the coasts of Korea and the Ryukyu Islands but was wrecked on a submerged rock at the entrance of the Gaspar Straits in the Java Sea.
While Abel was serving in the British Embassy at Canton, he collected specimens and seeds of the plant now known as Abelia chinensis, and of many other plants, and visited the famous nursery gardens at Fa Tee Fa Ti on the southern bank of the Pearl River in Canton. Unfortunately all of his specimens were lost in the shipwreck and a subsequent pirate attack, however he had given a small collection to George Staunton at Canton, and these materials were returned to him.
This was the last visit to China by a Western naturalist for almost 30 years. On the outbound voyage he was at the Cape of Good Hope from 18 April to 5 May studying the geology of the Cape Peninsula as far as Hout Bay, and on the return was at the Cape from 25 May to 11 June during which time he extended his observations.
He was the first Westerner to report the presence on the island of Sumatra of orangutans, which today are considered a separate species from the Bornean orangutan and which are named Pongo abelii. He also met Napoleon when they stopped at St.
He kept a documented record of his travels, later published as his Narrative of a Journey in the Interior of China Erica abelii was published by Ted Oliver in He conducted a lifelong study of natural history, mainly dealing with intestinal parasites, leeches and protozoans.
He was Secretary of the Academy of Sciences at CopenhagenHe was the author of Historia brevis Regii Instituti Veterinarii Hafniensisand many other works on medicine and zoology.
He was the first to examine and describe the mineral species Cryolite from Greenland.
The genus Abildgaardia in the Cyperaceae was published in by Danish-Norwegian botanist and zoologist Martin Vahl. He was one of the last students of Linnaeus and continued the work that Linnaeus began, publishing many works on lichens. He was also director of the Vadstena Hospital which he had founded.
The genus Acharia was named for him plus several species. It is not directly stated, but he is mentioned frequently in the work in which the species is first described in so it is likely that he is the person that this epithet honors. He is commemorated in Scleria achtenii. He is commemorated in Erica acockii, Elegia acockii, Restio acocki, Cliffortia acockii, and others.
He previously spelled his name Acock. He is commemorated with Anaptychia adamesii. Adames who also collected in Sierra Leone and may be a relative of Peter Adames.
Adamson published on the vegetation of South Africa and wrote a flora of the Cape area, eventually retiring to Scotland in He was honored with the names of Wahlenbergia adamsonii and Trachyandra adamsonii.
He also attended lectures and field trips of both Bernard and Antoine de Jussieu. At the age of 19 he compiled a catalogue of 5, species of plants grown since at the Jardin du Roi, and began thinking about various classification systems.