They were huntresses, founders of cities, rivals and lovers of adventurous men. They battled the Greek hero Heracles and fought alongside the Trojans in the final hours of Troy. These female foreigners - Hippolyta, Antiope and Penthesilea - were exceptionally heroic, civilized and worthy counterparts to the Greek champions, but they often faced defeat and death too. They inspired the Amazonian myths in ancient Greece and beyond and they became famous in folklore created by Homer, the greatest of Greek epic poets, and Herodotus BC - BCa Greek historian and were the subject of much fascination in cultures beyond Greece — Persia, Egypt, Caucasia, Armenia, Central Asia, China and among the steppe peoples themselves.
Share Additional Resources for you to Explore Amazons, fierce warrior women dwelling in exotic eastern lands around the Black Sea and beyond, were the mythic archenemies of the ancient Greeks. Amazons played an important role in the legendary Trojan War as allies of the Trojans.
The city of Athens believed that its first citizens were victorious over a powerful Amazon army that invaded Greece in the golden age of myth.
Every man, women, boy, and girl knew Amazon stories by heart and Greek artists created thousands of images of Amazons in sculptures and paintings. Meanwhile, Herodotus, Plato, Strabo, and other ancient writers described real nomadic women living the lives of mythic Amazons on the steppes of Eurasia.
Long believed to be merely mythical figures, Amazons are now known to have been modeled on real horsewomen-archersmembers of the nomadic peoples of Eurasian steppes stretching from the Black Sea to China.
These diverse tribes of ancient Scythia shared a culture centered on horseback archery, constant raiding and warfare, and relative gender equality, necessary for survival.
Their ancestors were the first to domesticate horses and perfected the technology of the powerful recurve bow. They also invented trousers.
Thanks to recent and spectacular archaeological excavations of ancient Scythian graves and advances in DNA testing of bones, there is now undeniable evidence that a significant number of steppe nomad women served as warriors.
Their battle-scarred skeletons were buried with weapons and horses, and received the same honors as male warriors.
In Greek art, Amazons were depicted as attractive, but deadly, heroic horsewomen-archers from barbarian lands in antiquity "barbarian" meant non-Greek. The Greeks admired Amazons as the "equals of men" in combat and courage--yet no Amazon ever emerged victorious over a male hero.
But the Greeks were not the only people fascinated by the war-like horsewomen of Scythia. Accounts of warrior women arose across the ancient world, from Egypt and Persia to the Caucasus and Central Asia.
Notably, the non-Greek tales have radically different outcomes. Greek myths doomed all Amazons to defeat and death, but in stories of other ancient cultures, the warrior women win battles.
Their duels with male enemies often end in a draw and the former foes agree to become companions in love and war.The Amazons didn't resist, but encouraged the process which was complicated by a language barrier.
In time, the men wished the women to become their wives, but the Amazons, knowing that they couldn't live within the Scythian patriarchy insisted the men leave their native land. In the Diablo video games, in the realm of Sanctuary, Askari people, also called Amazons, exist in the Queendom of the Skovos Isles.
In Heroes Unlimited and Aliens Unlimited text roleplaying games, there is a race called the Atorians who can be considered Amazons. The Amazons didn't resist, but encouraged the process which was complicated by a language barrier.
In time, the men wished the women to become their wives, but the Amazons, knowing that they couldn't live within the Scythian patriarchy insisted the men leave their native land.
But did the formidable women who inspired the Greek legends and later archetype actually exist outside of the realm of myth?
Until fairly recently, it was believed that the Amazons were created from scratch by the patriarchal Greeks as a device to highlight the supposed inherent superiority of males. attheheels.com - The fierce female warriors - the Amazons - were strong and brave, but did they really exist?
They were huntresses, founders of cities, rivals and lovers of adventurous men. They battled the Greek hero Heracles and fought alongside the Trojans in the final hours of Troy.
Did the Amazons & Other Societies Led by Women Exist? Group 4: Alyssa, Amy, Precious, Swathi, & Victoria "about years before the fifth century BC.".