East Germanic Among the Indo-European languagesDutch is grouped within the Germanic languagesmeaning it shares a common ancestor with languages such as English, German, and the Scandinavian languages. East now extinctWestand North Germanic. It is characterized by a number of phonological and morphological innovations not found in North or East Germanic.
Emergence[ edit ] As with all ethnic groups, the ethnogenesis of the Dutch and their predecessors has been a lengthy and complex process. Though the majority of the defining characteristics such as language, religion, architecture or cuisine of the Dutch ethnic group have accumulated over the ages, it is difficult if not impossible to clearly pinpoint the exact emergence of the Dutch people; the interpretation of which is often highly personal.
The text below hence focuses on the history of the Dutch ethnic group; for Dutch national history, please see the history-articles of the Netherlands. For Dutch colonial history, see the article on the Dutch Empire.
Germanic peoplesMigration Periodand Foederati In the first centuries CE, the Germanic tribes formed tribal societies with no apparent form of autocracy chiefs only being elected in times of warbeliefs based Germanic paganism and speaking a dialect still closely resembling Common Germanic.
Following the end of the migration period in the West aroundwith large federations such as the FranksVandalsAlamanni and Saxons settling the decaying Roman Empirea series of monumental changes took place within these Germanic societies.
Among the most important of these are their conversion from Germanic paganism to Christianitythe emergence of a new political system, centered on kings, and a continuing process of emerging mutual unintelligibility of their various dialects.
FranksOld Frankishand Old Dutch The conversion of the Frankish king Clovis to Christianity would have great significance in helping shape the identity of the future Dutch people.
In the Low Countries, this phase began when the Franksthemselves a union of multiple smaller tribes many of them, such as the BataviChauciChamavi and Chattuariiwere already living in the Low Countries prior to the forming of the Frankish confederationbegan to incur the northwestern provinces of the Roman Empire.
Eventually, inthe Salian Franksone of the three main subdivisions among the Frankish alliance  settled the area's Southern lands as foederati ; Roman allies in charge of border defense. On a political level, the Frankish warlords abandoned tribalism  and founded a number of kingdoms, eventually culminating in the Frankish Empire of Charlemagne.
However, the population make-up of the Frankish Empire, or even early Frankish kingdoms such as Neustria and Austrasiawas not dominated by Franks. Though the Frankish leaders controlled most of Western Europe, the Franks themselves were confined to the Northwestern part i.
The current Dutch-French language border has with the exception of the Nord-Pas-de-Calais in France and Brussels and the surrounding municipalities in Belgium remained virtually identical ever since, and could be seen as marking the furthest pale of gallicization among the Franks.
History of urban centers in the Dutch Low CountriesBurgundian Netherlandsand Middle Dutch The medieval cities of the Low Countries, which experienced major growth during the 11th and 12th century, were instrumental in breaking down the already relatively loose local form of feudalism.
As they became increasingly powerful, they used their economical strength to influence the politics of their nobility.
While the cities were of great political importance, they also formed catalysts for medieval Dutch culture. Trade flourished, population numbers increased dramatically, and advanced education was no longer limited to the clergy; Dutch epic literature such as Elegastthe Roelantslied and Van den vos Reynaerde were widely enjoyed.
The various city guilds as well as the necessity of water boards in charge of dikes, canals, etc. It is also around this time, that ethnonyms such as Diets and Nederlands emerge. This was followed by a series of marriages, wars, and inheritances among the other Dutch fiefs and around the most important fiefs were under Burgundian rule, while complete control was achieved after the end of the Guelders Wars inthereby unifying the fiefs of the Low Countries under one ruler.
This process marked a new episode in the development of the Dutch ethnic group, as now political unity started to emerge, consolidating the strengthened cultural and linguistic unity.
Despite their linguistic and cultural unity, and in the case of FlandersBrabant and Holland economic similarities, there was still little sense of political unity among the Dutch people. During Charles the Bold 's many wars, which were a major economic burden for the Burgundian Netherlands, tensions slowly increased.
Inthe year of Charles' sudden death at Nancythe Low Countries rebelled against their new liege, Mary of Burgundyand presented her with a set of demands.
The subsequently issued Great Privilege met many of these demands, which included that Dutch, not French, should be the administrative language in the Dutch-speaking provinces and that the States-General had the right to hold meetings without the monarch's permission or presence.
The overall tenure of the document which was declared void by Mary's son and successor, Philip IV aimed for more autonomy for the counties and duchies, but nevertheless all the fiefs presented their demands together, rather than separately.
This is evidence that by this time a sense of common interest was emerging among the provinces of the Netherlands.Dutch English translation, free online translator. Dutch translation. Dutch dictionary. Dutch Nederlands.
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The Dutch (Dutch: Nederlanders) are a Germanic ethnic group native to the Netherlands. They share a common culture and speak the Dutch attheheels.com people and their descendants are found in migrant communities worldwide, notably in Aruba, Suriname, Guyana, Curaçao, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, and the United States.
‘An English trading post at Cormantine in west Africa was augmented by the seizure of Cape Coast Castle from the Dutch in ’ ‘The one point imposed by the Dutch on the Thais and greatly resented was the clause introducing extraterritoriality.’.
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Dunglish (portmanteau of Dutch and English; in Dutch steenkolenengels, literally: "coal-English") is a popular term for mistakes native Dutch speakers make when trying to speak English.
The term's usage is loosely connected to that of other English language corruptions, such as Engrish.