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SHARE You know the difference between being in a good mood when you tend to be happy and cheerful, and being in a bad mood when you tend to be sad and grumpy.
Moods are different from emotions in three main respects. First, moods tend to be much more long-lasting, going for hours or days, whereas an emotion may only last minutes. Second, emotions are about something specific, such as a person or situation, but moods are much more diffuse with no identifiable object.
A mood is a general feeling, not a reaction to a particular situation. Third, moods are not as intense as emotions, which can be strong feelings such as exhilaration, terror, or despair. In contrast, you might not be consciously aware that you are in a good or bad mood until you reflect on your response to situations.
Moods and emotions are linked. When you are in a bad mood, you are inclined to have negative emotions such as being sad, angry, or afraid about something. But when you are in a good mood, you are inclined to have positive emotions such as being happy or hopeful about something. So the nature of emotions should inform us about the nature of moods.
Public domain, according to Wikipedia. But what are moods that operate without representations of particular situations? Salt has a disposition to dissolve in water, and glass bottles have a disposition to break when dropped.
But what is a disposition? For example, to say that a teaspoon of salt has a disposition to dissolve in water is to say that if it had been placed in water then it would have dissolved. Unfortunately, the standard philosophical way of dealing with such counterfactuals is in terms of possible worlds.
To say that the salt would have dissolved is to say that there is some possible world similar to ours in which it does dissolve. This characterization of dispositions in terms of counterfactuals and possible worlds is useless both psychologically and physically.
It shows no understanding of the physics of salt, and taps into obscure metaphysics about possible worlds rather than into the psychology of how people think about dispositions. A better way of understanding counterfactuals comes from the artificial intelligence researcher Judah Pearl He says that you can evaluate a counterfactual by considering a causal model that shows how different factors interact with each other.
For example, the mechanism of solubility of table salt is well understood because we know that sodium chloride results from binding positive sodium atoms with negative chlorine atoms.
When salt is place in water, the ions separate. We have reason to believe that a counterfactual is true when we know underlying mechanisms that predict the results of various manipulations. Similarly, the disposition of moods to produce positive or negative emotions is the result of the underlying mechanisms that produce emotions.May 25, · Affectiva, a startup developing “emotion recognition technology” that can read people’s moods from their facial expressions captured in digital videos, raised $14 million in a Series D round.
A study in the Journal of Positive Psychology found that people who listened to upbeat music could improve their moods and boost their happiness in just two weeks. The Depression, Anxiety and Stress Test is an online questionnaire designed to measure the three related negative emotional states of depression, anxiety and stress, and is a helpful tool in assisting health practitioners with clinical assessments.
TAKE THE TEST. When compared to moods, emotions are more extreme. Emotion is a word that has been derived from the French emouvoir. This word is based on the Latin word emovere, which means ‘out’ and movere which means ‘move’. Jun 28, · Facebook conducted a massive psychological experiment on , users, manipulating their news feeds to assess the effects on their emotions.
Emotions & Feelings Emotions & Feelings Emotions & Feelings Emotions & Feelings. I am bored. I am bored. I am bored. I am bored.