Now we are engaged in a great Civil War, testing whether that nation or any nation so conceived and so dedicated can long endure. From there events took on a life of their own and the situation devolved into a full-blown war which lasted a little shy of four years. Even these people, however, do not dispute the moral illegitimacy of forming a country for the express purpose of brutalizing, subjugating, and exploiting other people. Although still denied by a small minority who claim the war was to defend 'states rights', or was even started by the North for economic reasons even though the South fired the first shots most secessionist states declared at least indirectly that the maintenance of slavery was a reason for them declaring independence in their actual declarations of independence.
It is also one of the shortest among its peers at just 10 sentences. Lesson 1 — Anchor Your Arguments Solidly When trying to persuade your audience, one of the strongest techniques you can use is to anchor your arguments to statements which your audience believes in.
Lincoln does this twice in his first sentence: Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Lincoln knew this, of course, and included references to both of these documents.
The days of our years are threescore years and ten… Note: So, the verse is stating that a human life is about 70 years.
That document contains the following famous line: We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
By referencing both the Bible and the Declaration of Independence, Lincoln is signalling that if his audience trusts the words in those documents they did!
How can you use this lesson? When trying to persuade your audience, seek out principles on which you agree and beliefs which you share.
Anchor your arguments from that solid foundation. Lincoln employed simple techniques which transformed his words from bland to poetic.
First, he uttered two of the most famous triads ever spoken: A few well-crafted phrases often serve as memorable sound bites, giving your words an extended life. A word-by-word analysis of the Gettysburg Address reveals the following words are repeated: By repetitive use of these words, he drills his central point home: Determine the words which most clearly capture your central argument.
Repeat them throughout your speech, particularly in your conclusion and in conjunction with other rhetorical devices. Use these words in your marketing materials, speech title, speech introduction, and slides as well.
Lesson 4 — Use a Simple Outline Want to learn more? The Gettysburg Address employs a simple and straightforward three part speech outline: The speech begins 87 years in the past, with the signing of the Declaration of Independence and the formation of a new nation.
The speech then describes the present context: The new nation is being tested. Lincoln paints a picture of the future where the promise of the new nation is fully realized through a desirable relationship between government and the people.
When organizing your content, one of the best approaches is one of the simplest.
Start in the past, generally at a moment of relative prosperity or happiness. Explain how your audience came to the present moment. Describe the challenge, the conflict, or the negative trend. Finally, describe a more prosperous future, one that can be realized if your audience is persuaded to action by you.
The hallmark of a persuasive speech is a clear call-to-action.Abraham Lincoln 's Second Inaugural Address In the "Second Inaugural Address" (), Abraham Lincoln contemplates that they, as a United Nation, should reflect on the effects of the Civil War and move towards a better future for this nation.
In Abraham Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address, he uses many different kinds of rhetorical strategies to unite a broken nation. During the time of the speech, it is four years into the Civil War and it is about to end. President Abraham Lincoln’s second inaugural address uses the rhetorical appeal to “ethos” effectively and often.
metaphors used to describe immigrants and immigration policies. With the change back to normal time from daylights savings time today, I thought it might be “time” to look back at a few metaphors about the changing of seasons and the amount of sunlight we enjoy in the summer and miss in the fall and winter.
An Alternate Answer: Abraham Lincoln's second Inaugural Address was delivered when it was apparent that the Union would win the war, and just 5 weeks before Robert Lee . Introd uction. Ever since humanity's ancestors left their native habitat in the tropical rainforests, they had to exploit new energy sources.
Whether it was tools to scavenge predator kills, weapons that made humans into super-predators, fur from human prey worn as clothing, felling trees and using deforested land to grow crops and pasture animals, the game was always about securing or.