The advancement in computer science since the 1950s

Interchangeable gun parts, illustrated in the Edinburgh Encyclopaedia Even craft-based military technologies were not generally produced by military funding. Instead, craftsmen and inventors developed weapons and military tools independently and actively sought the interest of military patrons afterward. In the decades leading up to the French RevolutionFrench artillery officers were often trained as engineers, and military leaders from this mathematical tradition attempted to transform the process of weapons manufacture from a craft-based enterprise to an organized and standardized system based on engineering principles and interchangeable parts pre-dating the work of Eli Whitney in the U.

The advancement in computer science since the 1950s

But at the center of it, technology was beginning to develop at an unprecedented pace—most of which the general public only saw the tip of the iceberg.

5 Department of Computer Science, University of Arkansas at Little Rock – Little Rock, Arkansas

These technologies laid the foundation for an entire half decade of scientific innovations, many of which even resulting in products that we enjoy today. The iconic technological products of the 60s—the microwave oven, the color television, the living room cabinet record player—these are of a different topic of discussion.

The following are the technologies that were discovered and implemented in a way that led to the products of the future. These are the six technological advancements from the s that changed the world forever: Copper wires, LEDs, optic fibers, tin—the discovery of these things drastically increased the efficiency of a much larger tool, thing, or framework, which opened the floodgates that led to the next thing and then the next.

For hard technological infrastructure, specifically the various components that make up the computer, the Dynamic Random Access Memory DRAM memory chip was the unsexy little thing.

The advancement in computer science since the 1950s

Invented in by Robert H. Dennard, who received his doctorate at the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh, the chip vastly increased the memory capacity of computers at a cheaper price. This allowed for a diverse set of more powerful technological products to be created for market, which was a for mainstream technology consumers who could, with help of DRAMs, own powerful personal tech on a more affordable budget.

Some form of DRAM happily sits in the intestines of your favorite devices: The memory chip also allowed great gains for companies, as the chip lowered the barriers of entry for companies and wider industries to embrace, integrate, and scale their operations on top of computing power.

Telstar, the First Commercial Satellite Bysome governments had already launched satellites, largely to carry out extraterrestrial experiments. That year, though, the first commercial satellite went into orbit, forever changing the face of communications.

The satellite is less than three feet long but weighs about pounds and used solar power when it was in service. It was the first device our race used to relay phone calls, fax images, and television pictures, including the first transatlantic TV feed, through space.

That last one was an especially big deal. On July 11, just a day after launch, Telstar relayed non-public TV pictures.

A couple of weeks later, the first live, public TV pictures beamed across the Atlantic, a snippet of a game between the Philadelphia Phillies and the Chicago Cubs.

The broadcast was supposed to first show John F. Kennedy giving a speech in this moment befitting a president, but the signal was up and running before he was ready, so the Phillies and Cubs got an unexpected moment in the spotlight. When JFK did appear, he fittingly spoke of the American dollar price, which caused some concern across the pond at the time.

But, there was a catch. It would be three more years before a communications satellite was in geosynchronous orbit, giving an uninterrupted signal. Ironically—because Telstar was in part a product of the Space Race between the US and the Soviet Union—it was the Cold War that thumped the first nail in its space coffin.

Just a day before Telstar launched, the US tested a high-altitude nuclear bomb which affected the part of the atmosphere that Telstar orbited. Scientists managed to kickstart Telstar in January, but there was soon another, catastrophic transistor failure. Telstar survived just seven months in service, handling more than total transmissions.The history of computer science began long before our modern discipline of computer attheheels.compments in previous centuries alluded to the discipline that we now know as computer science.

This progression, from mechanical inventions and mathematical theories towards modern computer concepts and machines, led to the development of a major academic field and the basis of . I don't have a computer science background and only have a rudimentary knowledge of what CS is all about.

However, I wonder, what are the most significant CS advances of the last five years? Computer science advances in the past 5 years [closed] Ask Question. Significant new inventions in computing since Related. The military funding of science has had a powerful transformative effect on the practice and products of scientific research since the early 20th century.

Particularly since World War I, advanced science-based technologies have been viewed as essential elements of a successful military. The hobbyist magazine Radio Electronics publishes Edmund Berkeley's design for the Simon 1 relay computer from to The Simon 1 used relay logic and cost about $ to build.

The Simon 1 used relay logic and cost about $ to build. This document gives a chronology of computing at Columbia University, as best I can piece it together, written mainly in Jan-Feb , updated periodically since then (time of last update listed above).

In general, computer advancement has emerged as the quickest technology in the history of a man. The current society defines a computer as a machine that accepts processes and stores data.

Since the s, this revolution has improved from the vacuum tube to transistor and then to a microchip.

The advancement in computer science since the 1950s
Science, Society and Creativity at Middlesex University